• Write a dissertation: the problem and the plan

    For more than 30 years, he has been correcting the bac philo copies. "The biggest mistake is off-topic, confides Bernard de Castéra, the teacher. There is a lack of analysis of the subject, and instead of thinking for himself, write my essay the student is often content to recite a course and suddenly, he falls next ".


    The essay, therefore, has nothing to do with a display of knowledge. You are not rated on the number of lines or pages produced, nor rated on the capacity of your memory. Neither is it a personal opinion piece or a pure creation piece that you are being asked to do.


    What is expected of you in an essay?

    Discussing consists of developing in writing, in a logical and reasoned way, the analysis of a subject. It is a question of answering in a complete way to a precise question, a little like one seeks, in maths, to solve a particular problem. However in this case it does not occur to you to answer by making a simple reminder of course, without starting from your statement or making any demonstration, does it?


    Likewise, to be successful, the essay must answer a fairly precise question. The course is only a toolbox where you can draw - depending on the subject - philosophical concepts, literary or historical references - but you are the architect of the demonstration. "The most important, says Bernard de Castéra,


    Know how to read your subject word for word

    So you need to read your essay topic as accurately as a math statement. Analyze all the words that compose it and pay attention, sometimes, to the exact meaning of a question or a phrase.


    For example, in law, " Should we abolish the election by universal suffrage of the President of the Republic?", Is not the same as " Can we abolish the election by universal suffrage of the President of the Republic". The "Must-on" comes down to asking if there would be compelling reasons to change this method of suffrage. The "can" leads to thinking about the possibility of doing so. You understand that it will not give the same duty at all!


    Likewise, the subject "Can the search for freedom justify everything?" is a topic on freedom and morality; premium essay while "Is freedom the power to do everything?" touches on freedom and constraint.


    Breathe and gain height ...

    Under examination conditions, it is, therefore, a matter of giving yourself a good 5 minutes to analyze your subject.


    Breathe well and resist the urge to throw yourself at your pen to blacken your scrap sheets. Optionally, underline or frame the important terms of the subject and pencil in a few keywords if that helps.


    Define your problem based on the subject's question

    This surgical analysis, therefore, prevents you from going headlong in the wrong direction or being a little "beside". In the subject "Can the search for freedom justify everything?", You of course underline freedom, but also the " justify everything " which indicates where the real problem is.

    You get to the heart of the question you are being asked and you reflect on what it covers. "The search for freedom is essential, you say to yourself, it justifies many fights, but not crimes ... There are undoubtedly other values ​​to be taken into account ..."


    Suddenly, you can reformulate your topic, which gives for example: "Is freedom an absolute value which could justify all behaviors or must it take into account other values?" By developing it, you specify the question to which you are going to answer: you have your "problem".


    In this case, the problem is already contained or suggested by the question of the statement, as often in the baccalaureate exams. But rephrasing it in your own words shows that you've got it right. And it helps you push through the right doors to find answers.

    Find your problem when the subject is not a question

    Sometimes also, especially in higher education, the subject is not formulated in the form of a question but resembles the title of a course. Typical Sciences Po example: "Workers in French society from 1930 to the present day".


    And yet it is not the restitution of course that we ask of you, but a dissertation! It is therefore necessary to identify a problem in the form of a question to allow you to make a real analysis.


    This requires, first of all, to know its course well to locate behind a very brief statement the important theoretical points which can be evoked. But you also need a sharp analytical mind to ask a relevant question. which is both in the subject, buy essay cheap and which deals with a central and not secondary theme.


    In the example given below, a problem could be: "Did workers disappear as a social class in France between 1930 and the present day?"

Topic revision: r1 - 09 Aug 2021, NamopSmith
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